|Verfasst am: 03 Jan 2007 - 20:13:01 Titel: Comment --> bitte mal überfliegen und nach Fehlern suchen
|Wir müssen bis morgen in Englisch einen Comment schreiben. Das Thema is aber bissl blöd --> parlamentarisches System von Großbritannien mit dem von Deutschland vergleichen und Vor- und Nachteile aufschreiben. Wäre ganz nett, wenn das sich nochmal jemand durchlesen könnte und Rechtschreibfehler berichtigen bzw. stilistische Verbesserugnen vornehmen könnte. Ihr wäret mir wirklich eine große Hilfe.
In the following I shall be concerned with the topic parliamentary systems and the comparison of the German and the British one, show advantages and disadvantages.
In a parliamentary system Parliament is sovereign and executive authority is derived from the legislature.
The British Executive Branch is made up by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet elected by the majority party in the legislature. The Head of State is a hereditary monarch, at present the Queen.
In Germany the Executive Branch is made up by the Chancellor chosen from the majority party in the parliament, the Cabinet selected by chancellor with parliament’s approval and an indirectly elected President with predominantly representative function and weak powers.
The advantage of the German political system is the distribution of powers which don’t let the Head of State become to powerful because he has less privileges and therefore abuse of power is less possible.
The British way of government is more traditional with its hereditary monarch but creates the weakness of the possibility of an incompetent Head of State.
Great Britain has a bicameral parliament consisting of an upper chamber which is called the House of Lords and a lower chamber which is called House of Commons.
Germany has a bicameral system, too, but not in the strict sense. The legislative branch is formed by the Bundestag (Federal Parliament) and the Bundesrat (Federal Council).
The German Bundestag is an elected parliament. Elections are held every four years.
Also directly elected are the members of the British House of Commons for a period of five years. In this lower chamber laws are made. The upper chamber scrutinizes bills passed by the House of Commons.
Its members are life peers, hereditary peers, bishops and landlords. They aren’t elected but appointed by the Monarch on recommendation of the Prime Minister. That causes advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand this lasting term of office creates a more stable system and the ability for a well-involved member of Parliament to work more efficient its goals but on the other hand for example hereditary peers can’t be dismissed so they can’t be stopped whether they have good intentions for the state and the system or not.
This method of lifelong membership is also contrary to democratic principles which are important for the German political system because the MPs of the British House of Lords are appointed by the Monarch without the right to a say of the population.
The members of the Bundesrat of Germany are appointed in a more democratic way because they, although not elected (neither by popular vote nor by the state parliaments), are members of the state cabinets which are voted by the electorate.
So they execute the will of the population as a representation of the 16 federal states.
The House of Lords is the upper chamber and simultaneous the highest court of appeal which combines legislative and judicative authority and thus creates a lack in the separation of powers. This is another example of the possibility to abuse power.
A lack of sovereignty of the British population is indisputable because of the dominion of the royal family.
In Germany People’s Sovereignty is more important and therefore all positions in the political system are representative for the nation.
I would like to conclude by saying that the two political systems, although both are parliamentary, are very different in their distribution of powers because Great Britain has a constitutional monarchy and Germany a democracy. While the United Kingdom insists on traditions and is more conventional Germany is more open for relatively new and modern ways of governing which creates the possibility to better react on novel and special situations and gives the people the nearly maximum amount of sovereignty.
Ich bin für jegliche Hilfe dankbar. Wäre wirklich total lieb von euch.
liebe Grüße, GoB