|Verfasst am: 27 März 2012 - 15:34:17 Titel: 5 kurze Referate für mündliche Prüfung
Hallo Liebe Leute!
Ich brauche Eure Hilfe. Ist jemand so nett und hilfsbereit? Und könnte diese Texte kurz nachschauen. Die Korrektur muss nicht perfekt sein, nur die großen Fehler müssen raus, wenn es welche gibt.
Diese Themen muss ich nämlich morgen mündlich vortragen. Vielen vielen Dank im voraus!
Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe.
The Republic of Ireland has a population a little over four million. Ireland is an independent country and uses euros. Northern Ireland uses British pounds because it is a province of the United Kingdom.
In Ireland they have two official languages: English and Irish.
Dublin is the capital city and the largest city. It has a city population of 506.000. The Spire - a very tall narrow tower - is one of the tourist sights.
The west coast of Ireland is rocky and very beautiful. Other parts have wide sandy beaches.
The tourist industry is very important because some multinational computer companies have factories in Ireland.
The Titanic was built in Belfast (Northern Ireland ) and now there are modern offices, shops, houses and flats.
The Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland each have a national football team. But in rugby the two countries play together in one Irish team. The Irish rugby team have played in every Rugby World Cup.
South Africa is a country located at the southern tip of Africa. It is divided into nine provinces.
South Africa has a population of 48 million. It has large cities with good railways, roads and airports. The cities have modern centres and some suburbsand are very wealthy. The largest city is Johannesburg. There are very poor suburbs where many houses have no electricity or running water. Many people suffer from HIV/AIDS and unemployment.
(AIDS affects mainly those who are sexually active and is far more prevalent in the black population. Most deaths are people who are also economically active, resulting in many families losing their primary wage earners. This has resulted in many 'AIDS orphans' who in many cases depend on the state for care and financial support. It is estimated that there are 1,200,000 orphans in South Africa. Many elderly people also lose the support from lost younger members of their family. According to the 2011 UNAIDS Report, South Africa has an estimated 5.6 million people living with HIV - more than any other country in the world).
South Africa is called the rainbow nation because the Whites speak Afrikaans (a language like Dutch) or English. The Asians are mostly Indian and Chinese. The Coloured are people with black and white ancestors. The large majority of the population are the Black South Africans they belong to nine different groups, each with its own language and culture.
Apartheid refers to a political system where people are clearly divided based on race, gender, class or other such factors ( between 1948 and 1994). Only Whites (9% of the population) governed the country before 1994. Of course, the Blacks protested. In the end the government decided to free the black leader, Nelson Mandela, from prison on Robben Island. They hopped he could stop the violence. In 1994, when Blacks were able to vote for the first time, Mandela became president.
In 2010 was the football World Cup in South Africa. Cricket and rugby are very popular too.
You can see the "Big Five" see in The Kruger National Park: rhinoceroses, leopards, elephants, buffaloes and lions . It´s located in the Northeast. You can observe the animals how they live in the wildnis.
India is a country in South Asia. India has the second biggest population (19 million people) in the world. It has many very large cities like Mumbai (in the past called Bombay).
City centres have banks, offices, parks and department stores, but many suburbs are very poor.
70 % of indians live and work in villages and many earn only 50 rupees (one dollar) a day.
Now the modern technologies are helping farmers to grow more crops.
Monsoon winds bring rain between June and September, but the rain can cause floods which destroy the crops and damage buildings in both villages and towns.
India has beautiful buildings and monuments. Its most famous building, the Taj Mahal.
The majority of indians are Hindus and the minority are Muslims.
In the India´s national parks are lions, leopards, rhinoceroses, buffaloes and elephants. The country is especially proud of its tigers. The project Tiger ist a project to protect tigers.
Tata India´s second biggest company is making the car Nano. The Nano is one of the world´s cheapest cars.
A Hindi film is now often in the Top Ten of films in Britain. Bollywood films are now shown on German TV. Germans like the emotions, the exotic locations, the dances, the singing and happy endings.
The Formula Grand Prix race ever in New Delhi in 2010.
Cricket ist the most popular sport in India.
Mohandas Ghandi, one of the most important leaders of the twentieth century. He was known as "Mahatma" ("Great Soul"). He led his country to independence and his policy of non-violence inspired later leaders such as Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela. Gandhi wanted one independent country with equal rights for people of all religions.
In a Internet Forum, teenagers are discussing how young people in Britain feel about their lives:
A german girl is asking how young people live in Britain today. Because there are many prejudices about young people: poverty, teenage girls who are pregnant, alcohol.
One girl answers her: She is a teenage girl, she isn´t pregnant and doesn´t get drunk every weekend. She has good friends and they go to concert together or have a meal together in a restaurant.
But she lives in a nice part of Leeds. If she lived in an area with crime, unemployement and poverty, life would be much more difficult.
A boy tells her: She shouldn´t believe the medias because actually the number of crimes by young people is lower now then ten years ago.
Instead of only reporting the bad news, the medias should report the good news for once.
The second boy explains if the young people were under less stress, so they wouldn´t drink so much alcohol. Older people say the young people are addicted to designer clothes and the media describes the children as stupid and aggressive. He means the young people can´t travel, take a driving test or just go out unless they have a job because everything is so expensive.
Then there is a story „About a boy“, Marcus is sad because his mum and his boyfriend have just split up.
The „first“ life with his father was boring: normal, school, holidays, weekend visits to grandparents. And the second life with Roger (Mom´s boyfriend) was much more alive.
There are eight big problems in the world:
Global warming: Most scientists agree this because we are producing too many greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide). The ice in the Artic Ocean is melting. If we find no solution, polar bears and other animals will be threatened with extinction.
Climate change: The Gulf Stream wich brings warm water across the Atlantic Ocean is weaker. If this continues, people in Europe will have to get used to colder winters.
Food shortage: As deserts expand people have less clean water and diseases spread. They can grow less food and so the price of food goes up.
Deforestation: The Amazon rainforests are the world´s „lungs“ because they absorb dioxide and release oxygen. But 13.000 square kilometres of forest are cut down each year.
Population explosion: The world´s population is rising fast. India for example. However a rich country with a smaller population often has a bigger carbon footprint. Poorer country produces less carbon dioxide because the richer people have a lifestyle which uses more energy.
Expanding deserts: China had more and more sheep and cattle because they are eating meat. All of the grass next to the Gobi desert has been eaten and this is one reason why the deserts are expanding.
Water shortage: 31 countries, mostly in Africa and the Middel East suffered from water shortages in 2000. And it´s becoming more.
Rising sea level: The Maldives is the lowest country in the world. The sea level has risen more and more. If it rises much more, the country could disappear.
There is an Internet article about Prypiat:
Prypiat was built in the north of Ukraine, when the country was part of the Soviet Union, for workers at the the Chernobyl nuclear power station. 1986 after the explosions at the power station nobody knew that coulds of dangerous radioactive gases were already in the air and that people who breathed the gases could fall ill or even die. But from one day to another they have to leave the city at once. There was no time for packing. Today nobody is allowed to live in a zone of 30 kilometres around the power station.
They still suffer from diseases like cancer and leukaemia which were caused by the radioactivity. Today nobody is allowed to live in a zone of 30 kilometres around the power station.