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Regional Cooperation for Economic Development in Central Asia12.12.2014 - (idw) Leibniz-Institut für Agrarentwicklung in Transformationsökonomien (IAMO)
The latest research findings and recommendations on developing agricultural production and trade in the region are presented in the IAMO conference
Halle (Saale), 12 December 2014 From 24 - 26 November 2014, IAMO hosted an international conference under the title Regional Economic Cooperation in Central Asia (ReCCA): Agricultural Production and Trade. Over 90 participants mainly from Central Asian countries, as well as from Armenia, Germany and Switzerland have discussed the challenges in regional cooperation and sustainable economic development in the transition economies of Central Asia in three plenary and ten parallel sessions. The event served as a platform for the representatives of research institutes, universities and ministries to exchange their ideas about existing problems in the region as well as options of improving regional economic cooperation in the regions.
The conference presentations covered a variety of analyses, research findings and options for actions related to the topics of agricultural development, supply chains and regional trade and economic cooperation. More specifically, the unfinished farm restructuring agenda, inadequate financial mechanisms and agricultural insurance market, the emerging issues of establishing agricultural cooperatives, and the need to facilitate collective management of water resources were discussed as the major challenges of the agricultural reorganization in the region.
Paying more attention to the development of new mechanisms for promoting the adoption of more sustainable practices of land and water use was among the most important conclusions drawn from the conference. The need for improving market infrastructure, extension services, safety inspections and market information systems were discussed as major aspects in the supply chains to facilitate the commercialization of small-scale farms in Central Asia. Researchers recommended creating favorable environments to boost the production and export of organic products as one of the potential export diversification options in Central Asia. Abolishment of export ban policies, reducing time and costs for collecting required documents for trade transactions, increasing the cooperation in transport and communication sector are considered as important policy options to increase economic cooperation and trade between the Central Asian countries. The integration of Central Asian countries into the global economy is perceived as the most promising option to boost not only economic development in these countries but also cooperation between the Central Asian countries.
The conference is organized in cooperation with the Regional Environmental Center for Central Asia in Kazakhstan, Samarkand Agricultural University in Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyz National Agricultural University. The funding for the conference was provided by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), as well as by contributions from the Foundation fiat panis and the city of Halle (Saale).
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The Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO) analyzes economic, social and political processes of change in the agricultural and food sector, and in rural areas. The geographic focus covers the enlarging EU, transition regions of Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe, as well as Central and Eastern Asia. IAMO works to enhance the understanding of institutional, structural and technological changes. Moreover, IAMO studies the resulting impacts on the agricultural and food sector as well as the living conditions of rural populations. The outcomes of our work are used to derive and analyze strategies and options for enterprises, agricultural markets and politics. Since its founding in 1994, IAMO has been part of the Leibniz Association, a German community of independent research institutes.
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Press Release_ReCCA conference - results_12 12 2014
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